Articles | Volume 14, issue 6
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
The effects of environment on Arctica islandica shell formation and architecture
Institute of Geosciences, University of Mainz, Joh.-J.-Becherweg 21, 55128 Mainz, Germany
Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Am Handelshafen 12, 27570 Bremerhaven, Germany
Alan D. Wanamaker Jr.
Department of Geological and Atmospheric Sciences, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011-3212, USA
Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research and Utrecht University, P.O. Box 59, 1790 AB Den Burg, Texel, the Netherlands
Department of Animal Ecology, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Am Handelshafen 12, 27570 Bremerhaven, Germany
Bernd R. Schöne
Institute of Geosciences, University of Mainz, Joh.-J.-Becherweg 21, 55128 Mainz, Germany
No articles found.
Valentin Siebert, Brivaëla Moriceau, Lukas Fröhlich, Bernd R. Schöne, Erwan Amice, Beatriz Beker, Kevin Bihannic, Isabelle Bihannic, Gaspard Delebecq, Jérémy Devesa, Morgane Gallinari, Yoan Germain, Émilie Grossteffan, Klaus Peter Jochum, Thierry Le Bec, Manon Le Goff, Céline Liorzou, Aude Leynaert, Claudie Marec, Marc Picheral, Peggy Rimmelin-Maury, Marie-Laure Rouget, Matthieu Waeles, and Julien Thébault
Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss.,
Preprint under review for ESSDShort summary
This manuscript presents an overview of the results of biological, chemical and physical parameters that were measured with high temporal resolution (bi-weekly and weekly sampling) during an environmental monitoring that took place in 2021 in the Bay of Brest. We strongly believe that this dataset can potentially be very useful for other scientists performing sclerochronological investigations, studying biogeochemical cycles or conducting various ecological research projects.
Julian Gutt, Stefanie Arndt, David Keith Alan Barnes, Horst Bornemann, Thomas Brey, Olaf Eisen, Hauke Flores, Huw Griffiths, Christian Haas, Stefan Hain, Tore Hattermann, Christoph Held, Mario Hoppema, Enrique Isla, Markus Janout, Céline Le Bohec, Heike Link, Felix Christopher Mark, Sebastien Moreau, Scarlett Trimborn, Ilse van Opzeeland, Hans-Otto Pörtner, Fokje Schaafsma, Katharina Teschke, Sandra Tippenhauer, Anton Van de Putte, Mia Wege, Daniel Zitterbart, and Dieter Piepenburg
Biogeosciences, 19, 5313–5342,Short summary
Long-term ecological observations are key to assess, understand and predict impacts of environmental change on biotas. We present a multidisciplinary framework for such largely lacking investigations in the East Antarctic Southern Ocean, combined with case studies, experimental and modelling work. As climate change is still minor here but is projected to start soon, the timely implementation of this framework provides the unique opportunity to document its ecological impacts from the very onset.
Niels J. de Winter, Daniel Killam, Lukas Fröhlich, Lennart de Nooijer, Wim Boer, Bernd R. Schöne, Julien Thébault, and Gert-Jan Reichart
Mollusk shells are valuable recorders of climate and environmental changes of the past down to a daily resolution. To explore this potential, we measured changes in the composition of shells of two types of bivalves recorded at the hourly scale: The king scallop Pecten maximus, and giant clams (Tridacna) that have engage in photosymbiosis. We find that photosymbiosis produces more day-night fluctuation in shell chemistry, but that most of the variation is not periodic, perhaps recording weather.
Andrew L. A. Johnson, Annemarie M. Valentine, Bernd R. Schöne, Melanie J. Leng, and Stijn Goolaerts
Clim. Past, 18, 1203–1229,Short summary
Determining seasonal temperatures demands proxies that record the highest and lowest temperatures over the annual cycle. Many record neither, but oxygen isotope profiles from shells in principle record both. Oxygen isotope data from late Pliocene bivalve molluscs of the southern North Sea basin show that the seasonal temperature range was at times much higher than previously estimated and higher than now. This suggests reduced oceanic heat supply, in contrast to some previous interpretations.
Katharina Teschke, Hendrik Pehlke, Volker Siegel, Horst Bornemann, Rainer Knust, and Thomas Brey
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 12, 1003–1023,Short summary
Successful nature conservation depends on well-founded decisions. Such decisions rely on valid and comprehensive information and data. This paper compiles data sources on the environment and ecology of the Weddell Sea (Antarctica), primarily to support the development of a marine protected area in this region. However, future projects can also benefit from our systematic data overview, as it can be used to develop specific data collections, thus saving a time-consuming data search from scratch.
Bernd R. Schöne, Aliona E. Meret, Sven M. Baier, Jens Fiebig, Jan Esper, Jeffrey McDonnell, and Laurent Pfister
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 673–696,Short summary
We present the first annually resolved stable isotope record (1819–1998) from shells of Swedish river mussels. Data reflect hydrological processes in the catchment and changes in the isotope value of local precipitation. The latter is related to the origin of moisture from which precipitation formed (North Atlantic or the Arctic) and governed by large-scale atmospheric circulation patterns. Results help to better understand climate dynamics and constrain ecological changes in river ecosystems.
Thomas Klintzsch, Gerald Langer, Gernot Nehrke, Anna Wieland, Katharina Lenhart, and Frank Keppler
Biogeosciences, 16, 4129–4144,Short summary
Marine algae might contribute to the observed methane oversaturation in oxic waters, but so far direct evidence for methane production by marine algae is limited. We investigated three widespread haptophytes for methane formation. Our results provide unambiguous evidence that all investigated marine algae produce methane per se and at substantial rates. We conclude that each of the three algae studied here could substantially account for the methane production observed in field studies.
Rhawn F. Denniston, Amanda N. Houts, Yemane Asmerom, Alan D. Wanamaker Jr., Jonathan A. Haws, Victor J. Polyak, Diana L. Thatcher, Setsen Altan-Ochir, Alyssa C. Borowske, Sebastian F. M. Breitenbach, Caroline C. Ummenhofer, Frederico T. Regala, Michael M. Benedetti, and Nuno F. Bicho
Clim. Past, 14, 1893–1913,Short summary
The sediment deposited off the coast of Portugal includes the remains of marine organisms and pollen washed to sea from Iberia. Analysis of both the pollen and the ocean sediments has revealed that the type and density of vegetation on land changed in concert with shifts in ocean temperature over centuries to tens of millennia. Proxies for climate in Portuguese stalagmites from the last two glacial periods show precipitation was reduced when sea surface temperatures fell.
Lennart J. de Nooijer, Anieke Brombacher, Antje Mewes, Gerald Langer, Gernot Nehrke, Jelle Bijma, and Gert-Jan Reichart
Biogeosciences, 14, 3387–3400,
Ana M. Morales-Williams, Alan D. Wanamaker Jr., and John A. Downing
Biogeosciences, 14, 2865–2875,Short summary
Our study investigated the mechanisms sustaining cyanobacteria blooms when CO2 is depleted in lake surface waters. We found that when lake CO2 concentrations drop below those of the atmosphere, cyanobacteria switch on carbon concentrating mechanisms (CCMs), allowing them to actively take up bicarbonate. This may provide bloom-forming cyanobacteria with a competitive advantage over other algae. These results provide insight into the timing and duration of blooms in high-nutrient lakes.
Laura A. Casella, Erika Griesshaber, Xiaofei Yin, Andreas Ziegler, Vasileios Mavromatis, Dirk Müller, Ann-Christine Ritter, Dorothee Hippler, Elizabeth M. Harper, Martin Dietzel, Adrian Immenhauser, Bernd R. Schöne, Lucia Angiolini, and Wolfgang W. Schmahl
Biogeosciences, 14, 1461–1492,Short summary
Mollusc shells record past environments. Fossil shell chemistry and microstructure change as metastable biogenic aragonite transforms to stable geogenic calcite. We simulated this alteration of Arctica islandica shells by hydrothermal treatments. Below 175 °C the shell aragonite survived for weeks. At 175 °C the replacement of the original material starts after 4 days and yields submillimetre-sized calcites preserving the macroscopic morphology as well as the original internal micromorphology.
Katharina Lenhart, Thomas Klintzsch, Gerald Langer, Gernot Nehrke, Michael Bunge, Sylvia Schnell, and Frank Keppler
Biogeosciences, 13, 3163–3174,Short summary
In this study we investigated marine algae as a source of CH4 in oxic surface waters of oceans. Algae-derived CH4 may explain the CH4 oversaturating state within the surface mixed layer, sometimes also termed the "oceanic methane paradox". This finding of an overlooked source of CH4 in marine environments will be of considerable importance to scientists in many disciplines because algae play a crucial role in organic matter cycling in marine and freshwater ecosystems.
Y.-W. Liu, S. M. Aciego, and A. D. Wanamaker Jr.
Biogeosciences, 12, 3351–3368,Short summary
We report the first high-resolution strontium (87Sr/86Sr and δ88/86Sr) and boron (δ11B) isotopic values in the aragonite shell of cultured Arctica islandica. These results suggest that well-preserved subfossil specimens may be used to determine the past Sr isotopic composition of seawater. The δ11B in this experiment suggests that the boron uptake of the shell changes at a temperature threshold of 13°C and a species-specific fractionation factor may be required for seawater pH reconstructions.
E. O. Walliser, B. R. Schöne, T. Tütken, J. Zirkel, K. I. Grimm, and J. Pross
Clim. Past, 11, 653–668,
A. Mewes, G. Langer, S. Thoms, G. Nehrke, G.-J. Reichart, L. J. de Nooijer, and J. Bijma
Biogeosciences, 12, 2153–2162,Short summary
A culture study with the benthic foraminifer Amphistegina lessonii was conducted at varying seawater [Ca2+] and constant [Mg2+]. Results showed optimum growth rates and test thickness at ambient seawater Mg/Ca and a calcite Mg/Ca which is controlled by the relative seawater ratio. Results support the conceptual biomineralization model by Nehrke et al. (2013); however, our refined flux-based model suggests transmembrane transport fractionation that is slightly weaker than expected.
K. Kaczmarek, G. Langer, G. Nehrke, I. Horn, S. Misra, M. Janse, and J. Bijma
Biogeosciences, 12, 1753–1763,Short summary
Culture experiments based on a decoupled pH and CO32- chemistry indicate that the δ11B of the test of A. lessonii is related to pH whereas the B/Ca of the foraminiferal shells show a positive correlation with B(OH)4-/HCO3-. The latter observation suggests a competition between B(OH)4- and HCO3- of the culture media for B uptake into the test.
G. Langer, G. Nehrke, C. Baggini, R. Rodolfo-Metalpa, J. M. Hall-Spencer, and J. Bijma
Biogeosciences, 11, 7363–7368,Short summary
Specimens of the patellogastropod limpet Patella caerulea were collected within and outside a CO2 vent site at Ischia, Italy. The distribution of different crystal structures across shell sections was analysed. Patella caerulea counteracts shell dissolution in corrosive waters by enhanced production of aragonitic parts of the shell. We conclude that it is not possible to predict the dissolution behaviour of a composite biomineral on the basis of the properties of its constituent mineral.
G. Nehrke, N. Keul, G. Langer, L. J. de Nooijer, J. Bijma, and A. Meibom
Biogeosciences, 10, 6759–6767,
R. A. Eagle, J. M. Eiler, A. K. Tripati, J. B. Ries, P. S. Freitas, C. Hiebenthal, A. D. Wanamaker Jr., M. Taviani, M. Elliot, S. Marenssi, K. Nakamura, P. Ramirez, and K. Roy
Biogeosciences, 10, 4591–4606,
E. A. A. Versteegh, M. E. Blicher, J. Mortensen, S. Rysgaard, T. D. Als, and A. D. Wanamaker Jr.
Biogeosciences, 9, 5231–5241,
Related subject area
Paleobiogeoscience: Proxy use, Development & ValidationBiomarker characterization of the North Water Polynya, Baffin Bay: implications for local sea ice and temperature proxiesTechnical note: No impact of alkenone extraction on foraminiferal stable isotope, trace element and boron isotope geochemistryExperimental burial diagenesis of aragonitic biocarbonates: from organic matter loss to abiogenic calcite formationA modern snapshot of the isotopic composition of lacustrine biogenic carbonates – records of seasonal water temperature variabilityPerformance of temperature and productivity proxies based on long-chain alkane-1, mid-chain diols at test: a 5-year sediment trap record from the Mauritanian upwellingValidation of a coupled δ2Hn-alkane–δ18Osugar paleohygrometer approach based on a climate chamber experimentExperimental production of charcoal morphologies to discriminate fuel source and fire type: an example from Siberian taigaToward a global calibration for quantifying past oxygenation in oxygen minimum zones using benthic ForaminiferaCalibration of Mg ∕ Ca and Sr ∕ Ca in coastal marine ostracods as a proxy for temperatureTechnical note: Accelerate coccolith size separation via repeated centrifugationMg∕Ca, Sr∕Ca and stable isotopes from the planktonic foraminifera T. sacculifer: testing a multi-proxy approach for inferring paleotemperature and paleosalinityChemical destaining and the delta correction for blue intensity measurements of stained lake subfossil treesModern calibration of Poa flabellata (tussac grass) as a new paleoclimate proxy in the South AtlanticSeawater pH reconstruction using boron isotopes in multiple planktonic foraminifera species with different depth habitats and their potential to constrain pH and pCO2 gradientsBottom-water deoxygenation at the Peruvian margin during the last deglaciation recorded by benthic foraminiferaThe pH dependency of the boron isotopic composition of diatom opal (Thalassiosira weissflogii)Benthic foraminifera as tracers of brine production in the Storfjorden “sea ice factory”Evaluation of bacterial glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether and 2H–18O biomarker proxies along a central European topsoil transectLeaf wax n-alkane patterns and compound-specific δ13C of plants and topsoils from semi-arid and arid MongoliaOrganic-carbon-rich sediments: benthic foraminifera as bio-indicators of depositional environmentsStrong correspondence between nitrogen isotope composition of foliage and chlorin across a rainfall gradient: implications for paleo-reconstruction of the nitrogen cycleEnvironmental and biological controls on Na∕Ca ratios in scleractinian cold-water coralsDepth habitat of the planktonic foraminifera Neogloboquadrina pachyderma in the northern high latitudes explained by sea-ice and chlorophyll concentrationsTemporal variability in foraminiferal morphology and geochemistry at the West Antarctic Peninsula: a sediment trap studySeasonality of archaeal lipid flux and GDGT-based thermometry in sinking particles of high-latitude oceans: Fram Strait (79° N) and Antarctic Polar Front (50° S)Long-chain diols in settling particles in tropical oceans: insights into sources, seasonality and proxiesMulti-trace-element sea surface temperature coral reconstruction for the southern Mozambique Channel reveals teleconnections with the tropical AtlanticOxygen isotope composition of the final chamber of planktic foraminifera provides evidence of vertical migration and depth-integrated growthMg ∕ Ca and δ18O in living planktic foraminifers from the Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico and Florida StraitsManganese incorporation in living (stained) benthic foraminiferal shells: a bathymetric and in-sediment study in the Gulf of Lions (NW Mediterranean)Effects of light and temperature on Mg uptake, growth, and calcification in the proxy climate archive Clathromorphum compactumA systematic look at chromium isotopes in modern shells – implications for paleo-environmental reconstructionsReviews and syntheses: Revisiting the boron systematics of aragonite and their application to coral calcificationPhysico-chemical and biological factors influencing dinoflagellate cyst production in the Cariaco BasinEffects of alkalinity and salinity at low and high light intensity on hydrogen isotope fractionation of long-chain alkenones produced by Emiliania huxleyiInterplay of community dynamics, temperature, and productivity on the hydrogen isotope signatures of lipid biomarkersBenthic foraminiferal Mn / Ca ratios reflect microhabitat preferencesDiatoms as a paleoproductivity proxy in the NW Iberian coastal upwelling system (NE Atlantic)Factors controlling the depth habitat of planktonic foraminifera in the subtropical eastern North AtlanticThe effect of shell secretion rate on Mg / Ca and Sr / Ca ratios in biogenic calcite as observed in a belemnite rostrumCarbonate “clumped” isotope signatures in aragonitic scleractinian and calcitic gorgonian deep-sea coralsExamining the provenance of branched GDGTs in the Tagus River drainage basin and its outflow into the Atlantic Ocean over the Holocene to determine their usefulness for paleoclimate applicationsMussel shells of Mytilus edulis as bioarchives of the distribution of rare earth elements and yttrium in seawater and the potential impact of pH and temperature on their partitioning behaviorFossil invertebrates records in cave sediments and paleoenvironmental assessments – a study of four cave sites from Romanian CarpathiansTesting the D / H ratio of alkenones and palmitic acid as salinity proxies in the Amazon PlumeTechnical Note: Towards resolving in situ, centimeter-scale location and timing of biomineralization in calcareous meiobenthos – the calcein–osmotic pump methodA comparison of benthic foraminiferal Mn / Ca and sedimentary Mn / Al as proxies of relative bottom-water oxygenation in the low-latitude NE Atlantic upwelling systemThe stable isotopic composition of Daphnia ephippia reflects changes in δ13C and δ18O values of food and waterThe contribution of tephra constituents during biogenic silica determination: implications for soil and palaeoecological studiesSeasonal lake surface water temperature trends reflected by heterocyst glycolipid-based molecular thermometers
David J. Harning, Brooke Holman, Lineke Woelders, Anne E. Jennings, and Julio Sepúlveda
Biogeosciences, 20, 229–249,Short summary
In order to better reconstruct the geologic history of the North Water Polynya, we provide modern validations and calibrations of lipid biomarker proxies in Baffin Bay. We find that sterols, rather than HBIs, most accurately capture the current extent of the North Water Polynya and will be a valuable tool to reconstruct its past presence or absence. Our local temperature calibrations for GDGTs and OH-GDGTs reduce the uncertainty present in global temperature calibrations.
Jessica G. M. Crumpton-Banks, Thomas Tanner, Ivan Hernández Almeida, James W. B. Rae, and Heather Stoll
Biogeosciences, 19, 5633–5644,Short summary
Past ocean carbon is reconstructed using proxies, but it is unknown whether preparing ocean sediment for one proxy might damage the data given by another. We have tested whether the extraction of an organic proxy archive from sediment samples impacts the geochemistry of tiny shells also within the sediment. We find no difference in shell geochemistry between samples which come from treated and untreated sediment. This will help us to maximize scientific return from valuable sediment samples.
Pablo Forjanes, María Simonet Roda, Martina Greiner, Erika Griesshaber, Nelson A. Lagos, Sabino Veintemillas-Verdaguer, José Manuel Astilleros, Lurdes Fernández-Díaz, and Wolfgang W. Schmahl
Biogeosciences, 19, 3791–3823,Short summary
Aragonitic skeletons are employed to decipher past climate dynamics and environmental change. Unfortunately, the information that these skeletons keep can be destroyed during diagenesis. In this work, we study the first changes undergone by aragonitic skeletons upon hydrothermal alteration. We observe that major changes occur from the very beginning of the alteration, even without mineralogical changes. These results have major implications for the use of these archives to understand the past.
Inga Labuhn, Franziska Tell, Ulrich von Grafenstein, Dan Hammarlund, Henning Kuhnert, and Bénédicte Minster
Biogeosciences, 19, 2759–2777,Short summary
This study presents the isotopic composition of recent biogenic carbonates from several lacustrine species which calcify during different times of the year. The authors demonstrate that when biological offsets are corrected, the dominant cause of differences between species is the seasonal variation in temperature-dependent fractionation of oxygen isotopes. Consequently, such carbonates from lake sediments can provide proxy records of seasonal water temperature changes in the past.
Gerard J. M. Versteegh, Karin A. F. Zonneveld, Jens Hefter, Oscar E. Romero, Gerhard Fischer, and Gesine Mollenhauer
Biogeosciences, 19, 1587–1610,Short summary
A 5-year record of long-chain mid-chain diol export flux and composition is presented with a 1- to 3-week resolution sediment trap CBeu (in the NW African upwelling). All environmental parameters as well as the diol composition are dominated by the seasonal cycle, albeit with different phase relations for temperature and upwelling. Most diol-based proxies are dominated by upwelling. The long-chain diol index reflects temperatures of the oligotrophic summer sea surface.
Johannes Hepp, Christoph Mayr, Kazimierz Rozanski, Imke Kathrin Schäfer, Mario Tuthorn, Bruno Glaser, Dieter Juchelka, Willibald Stichler, Roland Zech, and Michael Zech
Biogeosciences, 18, 5363–5380,Short summary
Deriving more quantitative climate information like relative air humidity is one of the key challenges in paleostudies. Often only qualitative reconstructions can be done when single-biomarker-isotope data are derived from a climate archive. However, the coupling of hemicellulose-derived sugar with leaf-wax-derived n-alkane isotope results has the potential to overcome this limitation and allow a quantitative relative air humidity reconstruction.
Biogeosciences, 18, 3805–3821,Short summary
This study characterized the diversity of laboratory-produced charcoal morphological features of various fuel types from Siberia at different temperatures. The results obtained improve the attribution of charcoal particles to fuel types and fire characteristics. This work also provides recommendations for the application of this information to refine the past wildfire history.
Martin Tetard, Laetitia Licari, Ekaterina Ovsepyan, Kazuyo Tachikawa, and Luc Beaufort
Biogeosciences, 18, 2827–2841,Short summary
Oxygen minimum zones are oceanic regions almost devoid of dissolved oxygen and are currently expanding due to global warming. Investigation of their past behaviour will allow better understanding of these areas and better prediction of their future evolution. A new method to estimate past [O2] was developed based on morphometric measurements of benthic foraminifera. This method and two other approaches based on foraminifera assemblages and porosity were calibrated using 45 core tops worldwide.
Maximiliano Rodríguez and Christelle Not
Biogeosciences, 18, 1987–2001,Short summary
Mg/Ca in calcium carbonate shells of marine organisms such as foraminifera and ostracods has been used as a proxy to reconstruct water temperature. Here we provide new Mg/Ca–temperature calibrations for two shallow marine species of ostracods. We show that the water temperature in spring produces the best calibrations, which suggests the potential use of ostracod shells to reconstruct this parameter at a seasonal scale.
Hongrui Zhang, Chuanlian Liu, Luz María Mejía, and Heather Stoll
Biogeosciences, 18, 1909–1916,
Delphine Dissard, Gert Jan Reichart, Christophe Menkes, Morgan Mangeas, Stephan Frickenhaus, and Jelle Bijma
Biogeosciences, 18, 423–439,Short summary
Results from a data set acquired from living foraminifera T. sacculifer collected from surface waters are presented, allowing us to establish a new Mg/Ca–Sr/Ca–temperature equation improving temperature reconstructions. When combining equations, δ18Ow can be reconstructed with a precision of ± 0.5 ‰, while successive reconstructions involving Mg/Ca and δ18Oc preclude salinity reconstruction with a precision better than ± 1.69. A new direct linear fit to reconstruct salinity could be established.
Feng Wang, Dominique Arseneault, Étienne Boucher, Shulong Yu, Steeven Ouellet, Gwenaëlle Chaillou, Ann Delwaide, and Lily Wang
Biogeosciences, 17, 4559–4570,Short summary
Wood stain is challenging the use of the blue intensity technique for dendroclimatic reconstructions. Using stained subfossil trees from eastern Canadian lakes, we compared chemical destaining approaches with the
delta bluemathematical correction of blue intensity data. Although no chemical treatment was completely efficient, the delta blue method is unaffected by the staining problem and thus is promising for climate reconstructions based on lake subfossil material.
Dulcinea V. Groff, David G. Williams, and Jacquelyn L. Gill
Biogeosciences, 17, 4545–4557,Short summary
Tussock grasses that grow along coastlines of the Falkland Islands are slow to decay and build up thick peat layers over thousands of years. Grass fragments found in ancient peat can be used to reconstruct past climate because grasses can preserve a record of growing conditions in their leaves. We found that modern living tussock grasses in the Falkland Islands reliably record temperature and humidity in their leaves, and the peat they form can be used to understand past climate change.
Maxence Guillermic, Sambuddha Misra, Robert Eagle, Alexandra Villa, Fengming Chang, and Aradhna Tripati
Biogeosciences, 17, 3487–3510,Short summary
Boron isotope ratios (δ11B) of foraminifera are a promising proxy for seawater pH and can be used to constrain pCO2. In this study, we derived calibrations for new foraminiferal taxa which extend the application of the boron isotope proxy. We discuss the origin of different δ11B signatures in species and also discuss the potential of using multispecies δ11B analyses to constrain vertical pH and pCO2 gradients in ancient water columns to shed light on biogeochemical carbon cycling in the past.
Zeynep Erdem, Joachim Schönfeld, Anthony E. Rathburn, Maria-Elena Pérez, Jorge Cardich, and Nicolaas Glock
Biogeosciences, 17, 3165–3182,Short summary
Recent observations from today’s oceans revealed that oxygen concentrations are decreasing, and oxygen minimum zones are expanding together with current climate change. With the aim of understanding past climatic events and their relationship with oxygen content, we looked at the fossils, called benthic foraminifera, preserved in the sediment archives from the Peruvian margin and quantified the bottom-water oxygen content for the last 22 000 years.
Hannah K. Donald, Gavin L. Foster, Nico Fröhberg, George E. A. Swann, Alex J. Poulton, C. Mark Moore, and Matthew P. Humphreys
Biogeosciences, 17, 2825–2837,Short summary
The boron isotope pH proxy is increasingly being used to reconstruct ocean pH in the past. Here we detail a novel analytical methodology for measuring the boron isotopic composition (δ11B) of diatom opal and apply this to the study of the diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii grown in culture over a range of pH. To our knowledge this is the first study of its kind and provides unique insights into the way in which diatoms incorporate boron and their potential as archives of palaeoclimate records.
Eleonora Fossile, Maria Pia Nardelli, Arbia Jouini, Bruno Lansard, Antonio Pusceddu, Davide Moccia, Elisabeth Michel, Olivier Péron, Hélène Howa, and Meryem Mojtahid
Biogeosciences, 17, 1933–1953,Short summary
This study focuses on benthic foraminiferal distribution in an Arctic fjord characterised by continuous sea ice production during winter and the consequent cascading of salty and corrosive waters (brine) to the seabed. The inner fjord is dominated by calcareous species (C). In the central deep basins, where brines are persistent, calcareous foraminifera are dissolved and agglutinated (A) dominate. The high A/C ratio is suggested as a proxy for brine persistence and sea ice production.
Johannes Hepp, Imke Kathrin Schäfer, Verena Lanny, Jörg Franke, Marcel Bliedtner, Kazimierz Rozanski, Bruno Glaser, Michael Zech, Timothy Ian Eglinton, and Roland Zech
Biogeosciences, 17, 741–756,
Julian Struck, Marcel Bliedtner, Paul Strobel, Jens Schumacher, Enkhtuya Bazarradnaa, and Roland Zech
Biogeosciences, 17, 567–580,Short summary
We present leaf wax n-alkanes and their compound-specific (CS) δ13C isotopes from semi-arid and/or arid Mongolia to test their potential for paleoenvironmental reconstructions. Plants and topsoils were analysed and checked for climatic control. Chain-length variations are distinct between grasses and Caragana, which are not biased by climate. However CS δ13C is strongly correlated to climate, so n-alkanes and their CS δ13C show great potential for paleoenvironmental reconstruction in Mongolia.
Elena Lo Giudice Cappelli, Jessica Louise Clarke, Craig Smeaton, Keith Davidson, and William Edward Newns Austin
Biogeosciences, 16, 4183–4199,Short summary
Fjords are known sinks of organic carbon (OC); however, little is known about the long-term fate of the OC stored in these sediments. The reason for this knowledge gap is the post-depositional degradation of OC. This study uses benthic foraminifera (microorganisms with calcite shells) to discriminate between post-depositional OC degradation and actual OC burial and accumulation in fjordic sediments, as foraminifera would only preserve the latter information in their assemblage composition.
Sara K. E. Goulden, Naohiko Ohkouchi, Katherine H. Freeman, Yoshito Chikaraishi, Nanako O. Ogawa, Hisami Suga, Oliver Chadwick, and Benjamin Z. Houlton
Biogeosciences, 16, 3869–3882,Short summary
We investigate whether soil organic compounds preserve information about nitrogen availability to plants. We isolate chlorophyll degradation products in leaves, litter, and soil and explore possible species and climate effects on preservation and interpretation. We find that compound-specific nitrogen isotope measurements in soil have potential as a new tool to reconstruct changes in nitrogen cycling on a landscape over time, avoiding issues that have limited other proxies.
Nicolai Schleinkofer, Jacek Raddatz, André Freiwald, David Evans, Lydia Beuck, Andres Rüggeberg, and Volker Liebetrau
Biogeosciences, 16, 3565–3582,Short summary
In this study we tried to correlate Na / Ca ratios from cold-water corals with environmental parameters such as salinity, temperature and pH. We do not observe a correlation between Na / Ca ratios and seawater salinity, but we do observe a strong correlation with temperature. Na / Ca data from warm-water corals (Porites spp.) and bivalves (Mytilus edulis) support this correlation, indicating that similar controls on the incorporation of sodium exist in these aragonitic organisms.
Mattia Greco, Lukas Jonkers, Kerstin Kretschmer, Jelle Bijma, and Michal Kucera
Biogeosciences, 16, 3425–3437,Short summary
To be able to interpret the paleoecological signal contained in N. pachyderma's shells, its habitat depth must be known. Our investigation on 104 density profiles of this species from the Arctic and North Atlantic shows that specimens reside closer to the surface when sea-ice and/or surface chlorophyll concentrations are high. This is in contrast with previous investigations that pointed at the position of the deep chlorophyll maximum as the main driver of N. pachyderma vertical distribution.
Anna Mikis, Katharine R. Hendry, Jennifer Pike, Daniela N. Schmidt, Kirsty M. Edgar, Victoria Peck, Frank J. C. Peeters, Melanie J. Leng, Michael P. Meredith, Chloe L. C. Jones, Sharon Stammerjohn, and Hugh Ducklow
Biogeosciences, 16, 3267–3282,Short summary
Antarctic marine calcifying organisms are threatened by regional climate change and ocean acidification. Future projections of regional carbonate production are challenging due to the lack of historical data combined with complex climate variability. We present a 6-year record of flux, morphology and geochemistry of an Antarctic planktonic foraminifera, which shows that their growth is most sensitive to sea ice dynamics and is linked with the El Niño–Southern Oscillation.
Eunmi Park, Jens Hefter, Gerhard Fischer, Morten Hvitfeldt Iversen, Simon Ramondenc, Eva-Maria Nöthig, and Gesine Mollenhauer
Biogeosciences, 16, 2247–2268,Short summary
We analyzed GDGT-based proxy temperatures in the polar oceans. In the eastern Fram Strait (79° N), the nutrient distribution may determine the depth habit of Thaumarchaeota and thus the proxy temperature. In the Antarctic Polar Front (50° S), the contribution of Euryarchaeota or the nonlinear correlation between the proxy values and temperatures may cause the warm biases of the proxy temperatures relative to SSTs.
Marijke W. de Bar, Jenny E. Ullgren, Robert C. Thunnell, Stuart G. Wakeham, Geert-Jan A. Brummer, Jan-Berend W. Stuut, Jaap S. Sinninghe Damsté, and Stefan Schouten
Biogeosciences, 16, 1705–1727,Short summary
We analyzed sediment traps from the Cariaco Basin, the tropical Atlantic and the Mozambique Channel to evaluate seasonal imprints in the concentrations and fluxes of long-chain diols (LDIs), in addition to the long-chain diol index proxy (sea surface temperature proxy) and the diol index (upwelling indicator). Despite significant degradation, LDI-derived temperatures were very similar for the sediment traps and seafloor sediments, and corresponded to annual mean sea surface temperatures.
Jens Zinke, Juan P. D'Olivo, Christoph J. Gey, Malcolm T. McCulloch, J. Henrich Bruggemann, Janice M. Lough, and Mireille M. M. Guillaume
Biogeosciences, 16, 695–712,Short summary
Here we report seasonally resolved sea surface temperature (SST) reconstructions for the southern Mozambique Channel in the SW Indian Ocean, a region located along the thermohaline ocean surface circulation route, based on multi-trace-element temperature proxy records preserved in two Porites sp. coral cores for the past 42 years. Particularly, we show the suitability of both separate and combined Sr / Ca and Li / Mg proxies for improved multielement SST reconstructions.
Hilde Pracht, Brett Metcalfe, and Frank J. C. Peeters
Biogeosciences, 16, 643–661,Short summary
In palaeoceanography the shells of single-celled foraminifera are routinely used as proxies to reconstruct the temperature, salinity and circulation of the ocean in the past. Traditionally a number of specimens were pooled for a single stable isotope measurement; however, technical advances now mean that a single shell or chamber of a shell can be measured individually. Three different hypotheses regarding foraminiferal biology and ecology were tested using this approach.
Anna Jentzen, Dirk Nürnberg, Ed C. Hathorne, and Joachim Schönfeld
Biogeosciences, 15, 7077–7095,
Shauna Ní Fhlaithearta, Christophe Fontanier, Frans Jorissen, Aurélia Mouret, Adriana Dueñas-Bohórquez, Pierre Anschutz, Mattias B. Fricker, Detlef Günther, Gert J. de Lange, and Gert-Jan Reichart
Biogeosciences, 15, 6315–6328,Short summary
This study looks at how foraminifera interact with their geochemical environment in the seabed. We focus on the incorporation of the trace metal manganese (Mn), with the aim of developing a tool to reconstruct past pore water profiles. Manganese concentrations in foraminifera are investigated relative to their ecological preferences and geochemical environment. This study demonstrates that Mn in foraminiferal tests is a promising tool to reconstruct oxygen conditions in the seabed.
Siobhan Williams, Walter Adey, Jochen Halfar, Andreas Kronz, Patrick Gagnon, David Bélanger, and Merinda Nash
Biogeosciences, 15, 5745–5759,
Robert Frei, Cora Paulukat, Sylvie Bruggmann, and Robert M. Klaebe
Biogeosciences, 15, 4905–4922,Short summary
The reconstruction of paleo-redox conditions of seawater has the potential to link to climatic changes on land and therefore to contribute to our understanding of past climate change. The redox-sensitive chromium isotope system is applied to marine calcifiers in order to characterize isotope offsets that result from vital processes during calcification processes and which can be eventually used in fossil equivalents to reconstruct past seawater compositions.
Thomas M. DeCarlo, Michael Holcomb, and Malcolm T. McCulloch
Biogeosciences, 15, 2819–2834,Short summary
Understanding the mechanisms of coral calcification is limited by the isolation of the calcifying environment. The boron systematics (B / Ca and δ11B) of aragonite have recently been developed as a proxy for the carbonate chemistry of the calcifying fluid, but a variety of approaches have been utilized. We assess the available experimental B / Ca partitioning data and present a computer code for deriving calcifying fluid carbonate chemistry from the boron systematics of coral skeletons.
Manuel Bringué, Robert C. Thunell, Vera Pospelova, James L. Pinckney, Oscar E. Romero, and Eric J. Tappa
Biogeosciences, 15, 2325–2348,Short summary
We document 2.5 yr of dinoflagellate cyst production in the Cariaco Basin using a sediment trap record. Each species' production pattern is interpreted in the context of the physico-chemical (e.g., temperature, nutrients) and biological (other planktonic groups) environment. Most species respond positively to upwelling, but seem to be negatively impacted by an El Niño event with a 1-year lag. This work helps understanding dinoflagellate ecology and interpreting fossil assemblages in sediments.
Gabriella M. Weiss, Eva Y. Pfannerstill, Stefan Schouten, Jaap S. Sinninghe Damsté, and Marcel T. J. van der Meer
Biogeosciences, 14, 5693–5704,Short summary
Algal-derived compounds allow us to make assumptions about environmental conditions in the past. In order to better understand how organisms record environmental conditions, we grew microscopic marine algae at different light intensities, salinities, and alkalinities in a temperature-controlled environment. We determined how these environmental parameters affected specific algal-derived compounds, especially their relative deuterium content, which seems to be mainly affected by salinity.
S. Nemiah Ladd, Nathalie Dubois, and Carsten J. Schubert
Biogeosciences, 14, 3979–3994,Short summary
Hydrogen isotopes of lipids provide valuable information about microbial activity, climate, and environmental stress. We show that heavy hydrogen in fatty acids declines from spring to summer in a nutrient-rich and a nutrient-poor lake and that the effect is nearly 3 times as big in the former. This effect is likely a combination of increased biomass from algae, warmer temperatures, and higher algal growth rates.
Karoliina A. Koho, Lennart J. de Nooijer, Christophe Fontanier, Takashi Toyofuku, Kazumasa Oguri, Hiroshi Kitazato, and Gert-Jan Reichart
Biogeosciences, 14, 3067–3082,Short summary
Here we report Mn / Ca ratios in living benthic foraminifera from the NE Japan margin. The results show that the Mn incorporation directly reflects the environment where the foraminifera calcify. Foraminifera that live deeper in sediment, under greater redox stress, generally incorporate more Mn into their carbonate skeletons. As such, foraminifera living close to the Mn reduction zone in sediment appear promising tools for paleoceanographic reconstructions of sedimentary redox conditions.
Diana Zúñiga, Celia Santos, María Froján, Emilia Salgueiro, Marta M. Rufino, Francisco De la Granda, Francisco G. Figueiras, Carmen G. Castro, and Fátima Abrantes
Biogeosciences, 14, 1165–1179,Short summary
Diatoms are one of the most important primary producers in highly productive coastal regions. Their silicified valves are susceptible to escape from the upper water column and be preserved in the sediment record, and thus are frequently used to reconstruct environmental conditions in the past from sediment cores. Here, we assess how water column diatom’s community in the NW Iberian coastal upwelling system is seasonally transferred from the surface to the seafloor sediments.
Andreia Rebotim, Antje H. L. Voelker, Lukas Jonkers, Joanna J. Waniek, Helge Meggers, Ralf Schiebel, Igaratza Fraile, Michael Schulz, and Michal Kucera
Biogeosciences, 14, 827–859,Short summary
Planktonic foraminifera species depth habitat remains poorly constrained and the existing conceptual models are not sufficiently tested by observational data. Here we present a synthesis of living planktonic foraminifera abundance data in the subtropical eastern North Atlantic from vertical plankton tows. We also test potential environmental factors influencing the species depth habitat and investigate yearly or lunar migration cycles. These findings may impact paleoceanographic studies.
Clemens Vinzenz Ullmann and Philip A. E. Pogge von Strandmann
Biogeosciences, 14, 89–97,Short summary
This study documents how much control growth rate has on the chemical composition of fossil shell material. Using a series of chemical analyses of the fossil hard part of a belemnite, an extinct marine predator, a clear connection between the rate of calcite formation and its magnesium and strontium contents was found. These findings provide further insight into biomineralization processes and help better understand chemical signatures of fossils as proxies for palaeoenvironmental conditions.
Justine Kimball, Robert Eagle, and Robert Dunbar
Biogeosciences, 13, 6487–6505,Short summary
Deep-sea corals are a potentially valuable archive of temperature and ocean chemistry. We analyzed clumped isotope signatures (Δ47) in live-collected aragonitic scleractinian and high-Mg calcitic gorgonian deep-sea corals and compared results to published data and found offsets between taxa. The observed patterns in deep-sea corals may record distinct mineral equilibrium signatures due to very slow growth rates, kinetic isotope effects, and/or variable acid digestion fractionation factors.
Lisa Warden, Jung-Hyun Kim, Claudia Zell, Geert-Jan Vis, Henko de Stigter, Jérôme Bonnin, and Jaap S. Sinninghe Damsté
Biogeosciences, 13, 5719–5738,Short summary
Enhanced analytical techniques were applied to characterize fossilized microbial cell membrane lipids from samples in the Tagus River basin spanning the last 6000 years. Using the novel methods and calibration, the pH estimates were improved upon, and this study reveals new factors that should be considered when using this proxy as well as affirms the importance of examining the provenance of these lipids before applying them for paleoclimate reconstructions.
A. Ponnurangam, M. Bau, M. Brenner, and A. Koschinsky
Biogeosciences, 13, 751–760,Short summary
Our study demonstrates that rare earth elements and yttrium (REY) accumulating in mussel shells emerge as potential proxies for environmental changes. Focusing on pH and temperature variation effects on the distribution of REY in seawater, we show that shells incorporate the free REY3+ species and that decreasing pH leads to increased REY concentrations, while rising temperatures impact the REY distribution pattern with minor effects on the absolute REY concentrations in shells.
O. T. Moldovan, S. Constantin, C. Panaiotu, R. D. Roban, P. Frenzel, and L. Miko
Biogeosciences, 13, 483–497,Short summary
The paper presents the results of a fossil invertebrates study in four caves of the Romanian Carpathians, to complement paleoenvironmental data previously reported. Oribatid mites and ostracods are the most common invertebrates in the studied cave sediments. By corroborating the fossil invertebrates' record with the information given by magnetic properties and sediment structures, complementary data on past vegetation, temperatures, and hydraulic regimes could be gathered.
C. Häggi, C. M. Chiessi, and E. Schefuß
Biogeosciences, 12, 7239–7249,
J. M. Bernhard, W. G. Phalen, A. McIntyre-Wressnig, F. Mezzo, J. C. Wit, M. Jeglinski, and H. L. Filipsson
Biogeosciences, 12, 5515–5522,Short summary
We present an innovative method using osmotic pumps and the fluorescent marker calcein to help identify where and when calcareous bottom-dwelling organisms mineralize in sediments. These organisms, and their geochemical signatures in their carbonate, are the ocean’s storytellers helping us understand past marine conditions. For many species, the timing and location of their calcite growth is not known. Knowing this will enable us to reconstruct past marine environments with greater accuracy.
C. L. McKay, J. Groeneveld, H. L. Filipsson, D. Gallego-Torres, M. J. Whitehouse, T. Toyofuku, and O.E. Romero
Biogeosciences, 12, 5415–5428,Short summary
We highlight the proxy potential of foraminiferal Mn/Ca determined by secondary ion mass spectrometry and flow-through inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy for recording changes in bottom-water oxygen conditions. Comparisons with Mn sediment bulk measurements from the same sediment core largely agree with the results. High foraminiferal Mn/Ca occurs in samples from times of high productivity export and corresponds with the benthic foraminiferal faunal composition.
J. Schilder, C. Tellenbach, M. Möst, P. Spaak, M. van Hardenbroek, M. J. Wooller, and O. Heiri
Biogeosciences, 12, 3819–3830,Short summary
We show that the stable (C, N, O) isotopic composition of the water flea Daphnia pulicaria is strongly related to that of its diet (C, N) and the water they live in (O). We also show that the stable isotopic composition of the sheaths of Daphnia resting eggs (ephippia) is indicative of the isotopic composition of Daphnia that produced them. This implies that stable isotope ratios of fossil Daphnia ephippia can provide information on past ecological and climatic developments in and around lakes.
W. Clymans, L. Barão, N. Van der Putten, S. Wastegård, G. Gísladóttir, S. Björck, B. Moine, E. Struyf, and D. J. Conley
Biogeosciences, 12, 3789–3804,Short summary
Biogenic silica (BSi) is used as a proxy by soil scientists to identify biological effects on the Si cycle and by palaeoecologists to study environmental changes. We show the presence of tephra constituents can make measurements erroneous at low BSi concentrations, with repercussions for soil and palaeoecological studies. However, we also show that glass shards do not produce an identical dissolution signal to that of BSi, meaning they can be distinguished with appropriate experimental setups.
T. Bauersachs, J. Rochelmeier, and L. Schwark
Biogeosciences, 12, 3741–3751,
Abele, D. and Puntarulo, S.: Formation of reactive species and induction of antioxidant defence systems in polar and temperate marine invertebrates and fish, Comp. Biochem. Phys. A, 138, 405–415, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpb.2004.05.013, 2004.
Abele, D., Heise, K., Pörtner, H. O., and Puntarulo, S.: Temperature-dependence of mitochondrial function and production of reactive oxygen species in the intertidal mud clam Mya arenaria, J. Exp. Biol., 205, 1831–1841, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2011.04.007, 2002.
Aizenberg, J., Weaver, J. C., Thanawala, M. S., Sundar, V. C., Morse, D. E., and Fratzl, P.: Skeleton of Euplectella sp.: structural hierarchy from the nanoscale to the macroscale, Science, 309, 275–278, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1112255, 2005.
Andrus, C. F. T.: Shell midden sclerochronology, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 30, 2892–2905, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.07.016, 2011.
Baker, S. M., Levinton, J. S., Kurdziel, J. P., and Shumway, S. E.: Selective feeding and biodeposition by zebra mussels and their relation to changes in phytoplankton composition and seston load, J. Shellfish Res., 17, 1207–1213, 1998.
Beierlein, L., Nehkre, G., and Brey, T.: Confocal Raman microscopy in sclerochronology: A powerful tool to visualize environmental information in recent and fossil biogenic archives, Geochem. Geophy. Geosy., 16, 325–335, https://doi.org/10.1002/2014GC005684, 2015.
Beirne, E. C., Wanamaker, A. D., and Feindel, S. C.: Experimental validation of environmental controls on the δ13C of Arctica islandica (ocean quahog) shell carbonate, Geochim. Cosmochim. Ac., 84, 395–409, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2012.01.021, 2012.
Berman, A., Hanson, J., Leiserowitz, L., Koetzle, T. F., Weiner, S., and Addadi, L.: Biological control of crystal texture: a widespread strategy for adapting crystal properties to function, Science, 259, 776–779, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.259.5096.776, 1993.
Black, B. A., Gillespie, D. C., MacLellan, S. E., and Hand, C. M.: Establishing highly accurate production-age data using the tree-ring technique of crossdating: a case study for Pacific geoduck (Panopea abrupta), Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 65, 2572–2578, https://doi.org/10.1139/F08-158, 2008.
Black, B. A., Griffin, D., van der Sleen, P., Wanamaker, A. D., Speer, J. H., Frank, D. C., Stahle, D. W., Pederson, N., Copenheaver, C. A., Trouet, V., Griffin, S., and Gillanders, B. M.: The value of crossdating to retain high-frequency variability, climate signals, and extreme events in environmental proxies, Glob. Change Biol., 22, 2582–2595, https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13256, 2016.
Bøggild, O. B.: The shell structure of the mollusks, in Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Skrifter, Natruvidenskabelig og Mathematisk, 231–326, Afdeling, 1930.
Brey, T., Arntz, W. E., Pauly, D., and Rumohr, H.: Arctica (Cyprina) islandica in Kiel Bay (Western Baltic): growth, production and ecological significance, J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 136, 217–235, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-0981(90)90162-6, 1990.
Butler, P. G., Richardson, C. A., Scourse, J. D., Wanamaker Jr., A. D., Shammon, T. M., and Bennell, J. D.: Marine climate in the Irish Sea: analysis of a 489-year marine master chronology derived from growth increments in the shell of the clam Arctica islandica, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 29, 1614–1632, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.07.010, 2010.
Butler, P. G., Wanamaker Jr., A. D., Scourse, J. D., Richardson, C. A., and Reynolds, D. J.: Variability of marine climate on the North Icelandic Shelf in a 1357-year proxy archive based on growth increments in the bivalve Arctica islandica, Palaeogeogr. Palaeocl., 373, 141–151, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2012.01.016, 2013.
Carter, J. G.: Environmental and biological controls of bivalve shell mineralogy and microstructure, in: Skeletal Growth of Aquatic Organisms: Biological Records of Environmental Change (Topics in Geobiology), edited by: Rhoads, D. C. and Lutz, R. A., 69–113, Plenum, NY, 1980.
Carter, J. G. and Clark, G. R. I.: Classification and phylogenetic significance of molluscan shell microstructure, in Mollusks, Notes for a Short Course, edited by: Broadhead, T. W., 50–71, 1985.
Carter, J. G., Barrera, E., and Tevesz, M. T. S.: Thermal potentiation and mineralogical evolution in the Bivalvia (Mollusca), J. Paleontol., 72, 991–1010, 1998.
Carter, J. G., Harries, P. J., Malchus, N., Sartori, A. F., Anderson, L. C., Bieler, R., Bogan, A. E., Coan, E. V., Cope, J. C. W., Cragg, S. M., Garcia-March, J. R., Hylleberg, J., Kelley, P., Kleemann, K., Kriz, J., McRoberts, C., Mikkelsen, P. M., Pojeta, J. J., Temkin, I., Yancey, T., and Zieritz, A.: Illustrated glossary of the bivalvia, Treatise Online, 1, 209 pp., 2012.
Checa, A. G., Okamoto, T., and Ramírez, J.: Organization pattern of nacre in Pteriidae (Bivalvia: Mollusca) explained by crystal competition, Proc. Biol. Sci., 273, 1329–1337, https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2005.3460, 2006.
Currey, J. D.: The design of mineralised hard tissues for their mechanical functions, J. Exp. Biol., 202, 3285–3294, 1999.
Cusack, M., Parkinson, D., Freer, A., Pérez-Huerta, A., Fallick, A. E., and Curry, G. B.: Oxygen isotope composition in Modiolus modiolus aragonite in the context of biological and crystallographic control, Mineral. Mag., 72, 569–577, https://doi.org/10.1180/minmag.2008.072.2.569, 2008.
Dauphin, Y., Cuif, J. P., Doucet, J., Salomé, M., Susini, J., and Willams, C. T.: In situ chemical speciation of sulfur in calcitic biominerals and the simple prism concept, J. Struct. Biol., 142, 272–280, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1047-8477(03)00054-6, 2003.
Deith, M. R.: The composition of tidally deposited growth lines in the shell of the edible cockle, Cerastoderma edule, J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. UK, 65, 573–581, 1985.
Dunca, E., Mutvei, H., Göransson, P., Mörth, C.-M., Schöne, B. R., Whitehouse, M. J., Elfman, M., and Baden, S. P.: Using ocean quahog (Arctica islandica) shells to reconstruct palaeoenvironment in Öresund, Kattegat and Skagerrak, Sweden, Int. J. Earth Sci., 98, 3–17, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00531-008-0348-6, 2009.
Epifanio, C. E.: Growth in bivalve molluscs: nutritional effects of two or more species of algae in diets fed to the American oyster Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin) and the hard clam Mercenaria mercenaria (L.), Aquaculture, 18, 1–12, 1979.
Epstein, S., Buchbaum, R., Lowenstam, H. A., and Urey, H. C.: Revised carbonate-water isotopic temperature scale, Bull. Geol. Soc. Am., 64, 1315–1326, 1953.
Evans, S., Camara, M. D., and Langdon, C. J.: Heritability of shell pigmentation in the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, Aquaculture, 286, 211–216, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2008.09.022, 2009.
Fitzer, S. C., Cusack, M., Phoenix, V. R., and Kamenos, N. A.: Ocean acidification reduces the crystallographic control in juvenile mussel shells, J. Struct. Biol., 188, 39–45, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsb.2014.08.007, 2014a.
Fitzer, S. C., Zhu, W., Tanner, K. E., Phoenix, V. R., Nicholas, A. K., and Cusack, M.: Ocean acidification alters the material properties of Mytilus edulis shells, J. R. Soc. Interface, 12, 25540244, https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2014.1227, 2014b.
Frenzel, M., Harrison, R. J., and Harper, E. M.: Nanostructure and crystallography of aberrant columnar vaterite in Corbicula fluminea (Mollusca), J. Struct. Biol., 178, 8–18, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsb.2012.02.005, 2012.
Fryda, J., Bandel, K., and Frydova, B.: Crystallographic texture of Late Triassic gastropod nacre: Evidence of long-term stability of the mechanism controlling its formation, Bull. Geosci., 84, 745–754, https://doi.org/10.3140/bull.geosci.1169, 2009.
Galley, T. H., Batista, F. M., Braithwaite, R., King, J., and Beaumont, A. R.: Optimisation of larval culture of the mussel Mytilus edulis (L.), Aquac. Int., 18, 315–325, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10499-009-9245-7, 2010.
Gillikin, D. P., De Ridder, F., Ulens, H., Elskens, M., Keppens, E., Baeyens, W., and Dehairs, F.: Assessing the reproducibility and reliability of estuarine bivalve shells (Saxidomus giganteus) for sea surface temperature reconstruction: Implications for paleoclimate studies, Palaeogeogr. Palaeocl., 228, 70–85, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2005.03.047, 2005.
Gordon, J. and Carriker, M. R.: Growth lines in a bivalve mollusk: subdaily patterns and dissolution of the shell, Science, 202, 519–521, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.202.4367.519, 1978.
Griesshaber, E., Neuser, R. D., and Schmahl, W. W.: The application of EBSD analysis to biomaterials?: microstructural and crystallographic texture variations in marine carbonate shells, Semin. Soc. Esp. Miner., 7, 22–34, 2010.
Grossman, E. L. and Ku, T.: Oxygen and carbon isotope fractionation in biogenic aragonite: Temperature effects, Chem. Geol., 59, 59–74, 1986.
Hahn, S., Rodolfo-Metalpa, R., Griesshaber, E., Schmahl, W. W., Buhl, D., Hall-Spencer, J. M., Baggini, C., Fehr, K. T., and Immenhauser, A.: Marine bivalve shell geochemistry and ultrastructure from modern low pH environments: environmental effect versus experimental bias, Biogeosciences, 9, 1897–1914, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-9-1897-2012, 2012.
Hedegaard, C., Bardeau, J. F. and Chateigner, D.: Molluscan shell pigments: An in situ resonance Raman study, J. Mollus. Stud., 72, 157–162, https://doi.org/10.1093/mollus/eyi062, 2006.
Hiebenthal, C., Philipp, E., Eisenhauer, A., and Wahl, M.: Interactive effects of temperature and salinity on shell formation and general condition in Baltic Sea Mytilus edulis and Arctica islandica, Aquat. Biol., 14, 289–298, https://doi.org/10.3354/ab00405, 2012.
Hiebenthal, C., Philipp, E. E. R., Eisenhauer, A., and Wahl, M.: Effects of seawater pCO2 and temperature on shell growth, shell stability, condition and cellular stress of Western Baltic Sea Mytilus edulis (L.) and Arctica islandica (L.), Mar. Biol., 160, 2073–2087, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00227-012-2080-9, 2013.
Hopkins, J. B. and Farrow, L. A.: Raman microprobe determination of local crystal orientation, J. Appl. Phys., 59, 1103–1110, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.336547, 1985.
Jones, D. S.: Sclerochronology: Shell record of the molluscan shell, Am. Sci., 71, 384–391, 1983.
Jorgensen, C. B.: Bivalve filter feeding revisited, Mar. Ecol.-Prog. Ser., 142, 287–302, https://doi.org/10.3354/meps142287, 1996.
Karampelas, S., Fritsch, E., Mevellec, J. Y., Sklavounos, S., and Soldatos, T.: Role of polyenes in the coloration of cultured freshwater pearls, Eur. J. Mineral., 21, 85–97, https://doi.org/10.1127/0935-1221/2009/0021-1897, 2009.
Karney, G. B., Butler, P. G., Speller, S., Scourse, J. D., Richardson, C. A., Schröder, M., Hughes, G. M., Czernuszka, J. T., and Grovenor, C. R. M.: Characterizing the microstructure of Arctica islandica shells using NanoSIMS and EBSD, Geochem. Geophy. Geosy., 13, Q04002, https://doi.org/10.1029/2011GC003961, 2012.
Lohmann, G. and Schöne, B. R.: Climate signatures on decadal to interdecadal time scales as obtained from mollusk shells (Arctica islandica) from Iceland, Palaeogeogr. Palaeocl., 373, 152–162, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2012.08.006, 2013.
Lowenstam, H. A.: Factors affecting the aragonite: calcite ratios in carbonate-secreting marine organisms, J. Geol., 62, 284–322, 1954.
Lowenstam, H. A. and Weiner, S.: On biomineralization, Oxford University Press, New York, 324 pp., 1989.
Lutz, R. A.: Paleoecological implications of environmentally-controlled variation in molluscan shell microstructure, Geobios, 17, 93–99, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-6995(84)80161-8, 1984.
Marali, S. and Schöne, B. R.: Oceanographic control on shell growth of Arctica islandica (Bivalvia) in surface waters of Northeast Iceland – Implications for paleoclimate reconstructions, Palaeogeogr. Palaeocl., 420, 138–149, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2014.12.016, 2015.
Marchitto, T. M., Jones, G. A., Goodfriend, G. A., and Weidman, C. R.: Precise temporal correlation of Holocene mollusk shells using sclerochronology, Quaternary Res., 53, 236–246, https://doi.org/10.1006/qres.1999.2107, 2000.
Merkel, C., Griesshaber, E., Kelm, K., Neuser, R., Jordan, G., Logan, A., Mader, W., and Schmahl, W. W.: Micromechanical properties and structural characterization of modern inarticulated brachiopod shells, J. Geophys. Res., 112, G02008, https://doi.org/10.1029/2006JG000253, 2007.
Mette, M. J., Wanamaker, A. D., Carroll, M. L., Ambrose, W. G., and Retelle, M. J.: Linking large-scale climate variability with Arctica islandica shell growth and geochemistry in northern Norway, Limnol. Oceanogr., 61, 748–764, https://doi.org/10.1002/lno.10252, 2016.
Milano, S., Prendergast, A. L., and Schöne, B. R.: Effects of cooking on mollusk shell structure and chemistry: Implications for archeology and paleoenvironmental reconstruction, J. Archaeol. Sci. Reports, 7, 14–26, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.03.045, 2016a.
Milano, S., Schöne, B. R., Wang, S., and Müller, W. E.: Impact of high pCO2 on shell structure of the bivalve Cerastoderma edule, Mar. Environ. Res., 119, 144–155, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2016.06.002, 2016b.
Milano, S., Schöne, B. R., and Witbaard, R.: Changes of shell microstructural characteristics of Cerastoderma edule (Bivalvia) – A novel proxy for water temperature, Palaeogeogr. Palaeocl., 465, 395–406 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.09.051, 2017.
Mook, W.: Paleotemperatures and chlorinities from stable carbon and oxygen isotopes in shell carbonate, Palaeogeogr. Palaeocl., 9, 245–263, https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-0182(71)90002-2, 1971.
Nehrke, G. and Nouet, J.: Confocal Raman microscope mapping as a tool to describe different mineral and organic phases at high spatial resolution within marine biogenic carbonates: case study on Nerita undata (Gastropoda, Neritopsina), Biogeosciences, 8, 3761–3769, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-8-3761-2011, 2011.
Nishida, K., Ishimura, T., Suzuki, A., and Sasaki, T.: Seasonal changes in the shell microstructure of the bloody clam, Scapharca broughtonii (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Arcidae), Palaeogeogr. Palaeocl., 363–364, 99–108, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2012.08.017, 2012.
Nudelman, F., Gotliv, B. A., Addadi, L., and Weiner, S.: Mollusk shell formation: mapping the distribution of organic matrix components underlying a single aragonitic tablet in nacre, J. Struct. Biol., 153, 176–187, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsb.2005.09.009, 2006.
Pérez-Huerta, A., Dauphin, Y., Cuif, J. P., and Cusack, M.: High resolution electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) data from calcite biominerals in recent gastropod shells, Micron, 42, 246–251, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micron.2010.11.003, 2011.
Pérez-Huerta, A., Etayo-Cadavid, M. F., Andrus, C. F. T., Jeffries, T. E., Watkins, C., Street, S. C., and Sandweiss, D. H.: El Niño impact on mollusk biomineralization-implications for trace element proxy reconstructions and the paleo-archeological record, PLoS One, 8, e54274, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054274, 2013.
Prezant, R. S. and Tan Tiu, A.: Spiral crossed-lamellar shell growth in Corbicula (Mollusca: Bivalvia), Trans. Am. Microsc. Soc., 105, 338–347, 1986.
Richardson, C. A.: Molluscs as archives of environmental change, Oceanogr. Mar. Biol., 39, 103–164, 2001.
Rodríguez-Navarro, A. B., CabraldeMelo, C., Batista, N., Morimoto, N., Alvarez-Lloret, P., Ortega-Huertas, M., Fuenzalida, V. M., Arias, J. I., Wiff, J. P., and Arias, J. L.: Microstructure and crystallographic-texture of giant barnacle (Austromegabalanus psittacus) shell, J. Struct. Biol., 156, 355–362, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsb.2006.04.009, 2006.
Ropes, J. W., Jones, D. S., Murawski, S. A., Serchuk, F. M., and Jearld, A.: Documentation of annual growth lines in ocean quahogs, Artica islandica Linne, Fish. Bull., 82, 1–19, 1984.
Rubenstein, D. I. and Koehl, M. A. R.: The mechanisms of filter feeding: some theoretical considerations, Am. Nat., 111, 981–994, 1977.
Schaffer, H. E., Chance, R. R., Silbey, R. J., Knoll, K., and Schrock, R. R.: Conjugation length dependence of Raman scattering in a series of linear polyenes: Implications for polyacetylene, J. Chem. Phys., 94, 4161, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.460649, 1991.
Schöne, B. R.: The curse of physiology – challenges and opportunities in the interpretation of geochemical data from mollusk shells, Geo-Mar. Lett., 28, 269–285, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00367-008-0114-6, 2008.
Schöne, B. R.: Arctica islandica (Bivalvia): a unique paleoenvironmental archive of the northern North Atlantic Ocean, Global Planet. Change, 111, 199–225, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2013.09.013, 2013.
Schöne, B. R. and Gillikin, D. P.: Unraveling environmental histories from skeletal diaries — Advances in sclerochronology, Palaeogeogr. Palaeocl., 373, 1–5, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2012.11.026, 2013.
Schöne, B. R. and Surge, D. M.: Part N, revised, Vol. 1, chapter 14: bivalve sclerochronology and geochemistry, Treatise Online, 1, 1–24, 2012.
Schöne, B. R., Freyre Castro, A. D., Fiebig, J., Houk, S. D., Oschmann, W., and Kröncke, I.: Sea surface water temperatures over the period 1884–1983 reconstructed from oxygen isotope ratios of a bivalve mollusk shell (Arctica islandica, southern North Sea), Palaeogeogr. Palaeocl., 212, 215–232, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2004.05.024, 2004.
Schöne, B. R., Fiebig, J., Pfeiffer, M., Gleß, R., Hickson, J., Johnson, A. L. A., Dreyer, W., and Oschmann, W.: Climate records from a bivalved Methuselah (Arctica islandica, Mollusca; Iceland), Palaeogeogr. Palaeocl., 228, 130–148, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2005.03.049, 2005.
Schöne, B. R., Zhang, Z., Jacob, D., Gillikin, D. P., Tütken, T., Garbe-Schönberg, D., McConnaughey, T., and Soldati, A.: Effect of organic matrices on the determination of the trace element chemistry (Mg, Sr, Mg/Ca, Sr/Ca) of aragonitic bivalve shells (Arctica islandica) – Comparison of ICP-OES and LA-ICP-MS data, Geochem. J., 44, 23–37, 2010.
Schöne, B. R., Radermacher, P., Zhang, Z., and Jacob, D. E.: Crystal fabrics and element impurities (Sr/Ca, Mg/Ca, and Ba/Ca) in shells of Arctica islandica – Implications for paleoclimate reconstructions, Palaeogeogr. Palaeocl., 373, 50–59, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2011.05.013, 2013.
Seilacher, A.: Divaricate patterns in pelecypod shells, Lethaia, 5, 325–343, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1502-3931.1972.tb00862.x, 1972.
Soldatov, A. A., Gostyukhina, O. L., Borodina, A. V., and Golovina, I. V.: Qualitative composition of carotenoids, catalase and superoxide dismutase activities in tissues of bivalve mollusc Anadara inaequivalvis (Bruguiere, 1789), J. Evol. Biochem. Phys., 49, 3889–398, https://doi.org/10.1134/S0022093013040026, 2013.
Stemmer, K. and Nehrke, G.: The distribution of polyenes in the shell of Arctica islandica from North Atlantic localities: a confocal Raman microscopy study, J. Mollus. Stud., 80, 365–370, https://doi.org/10.1093/mollus/eyu033, 2014.
Stott, K. J., Austin, W. E. N., Sayer, M. D. J., Weidman, C. R., Cage, A. G., and Wilson, R. J. S.: The potential of Arctica islandica growth records to reconstruct coastal climate in north west Scotland, UK, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 29, 1602–1613, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.06.016, 2010.
Strömgren, T. and Cary, C.: Growth in length of Mytilus edulis L. fed on different algal diets, J. Exp. Mar. Bio. Ecol., 76, 23–34, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-0981(84)90014-5, 1984.
Tan Tiu, A.: Temporal and spatial variation of shell microstructure of Polymesoda caroliniana (Bivalvia: Heterodonta), Am. Malacol. Bull., 6, 199–206, 1988.
Tan Tiu, A. and Prezant, R. S.: Shell microstructural responses of Geukensia demissa granosissima (Mollusca: Bivalvia) to continual submergence, Am. Malacol. Bull., 5, 173–176, 1987.
Tan Tiu, A. and Prezant, R. S.: Temporal variation in microstructure of the inner shell surface of Corbicula fluminea (Bivalvia: Heterodonta), Am. Malacol. Bull., 7, 65–71, 1989.
Taylor, J. D. and Kennedy, W. J.: The shell structure and mineralogy of Chama pellucida inst electron microscope, Veliger, 11, 391–398, 1969.
Thompson, I., Jones, D. S., and Dreibelbis, D.: Annual internal growth banding and life history of the ocean quahog Artica islandica (Mollusca: Bivalvia), Mar. Biol., 57, 25–34, 1980.
Wanamaker, A. D., Kreutz, K. J., Borns, H. W., Introne, D. S., Feindel, S., Funder, S., Rawson, P. D., and Barber, B. J.: Experimental determination of salinity, temperature, growth, and metabolic effects on shell isotope chemistry of Mytilus edulis collected from Maine and Greenland, Paleoceanography, 22, PA2217, https://doi.org/10.1029/2006PA001352, 2007.
Wanamaker, A. D., Heinemeier, J., Scourse, J. D., Richardson, C. A., Butler, P. G., Eiríksson, J., and Knudsen, K. L.: Very long-lived mollusks confirm 17th century ad tephra-based radiocarbon reservoir ages for North Icelandic shelf waters, Radiocarbon, 50, 399–412, 2008.
Wanamaker, A. D., Kreutz, K. J., Schöne, B. R., Maasch, K. A., Pershing, A. J., Borns, H. W., Introne, D. S., and Feindel, S.: A late Holocene paleo-productivity record in the western Gulf of Maine, USA, inferred from growth histories of the long-lived ocean quahog (Arctica islandica), Int. J. Earth Sci., 98, 19–29, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00531-008-0318-z, 2009.
Wanamaker, A. D., Hetzinger, S., and Halfar, J.: Reconstructing mid- to high-latitude marine climate and ocean variability using bivalves, coralline algae, and marine sediment cores from the Northern Hemisphere, Palaeogeogr. Palaeocl., 302, 1–9, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.12.024, 2011a.
Wanamaker, A. D., Kreutz, K. J., Schöne, B. R., and Introne, D. S.: Gulf of Maine shells reveal changes in seawater temperature seasonality during the Medieval Climate Anomaly and the Little Ice Age, Palaeogeogr. Palaeocl., 302, 43–51, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.06.005, 2011b.
Wanamaker, A. D., Butler, P. G., Scourse, J. D., Heinemeier, J., Eiríksson, J., Knudsen, K. L., and Richardson, C. A.: Surface changes in the North Atlantic meridional overturning circulation during the last millennium, Paleoceanography, 3, 237–252, https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms1901, 2012.
Wanamaker, A. D., Mette, M. J., and Whitney, N.: The potential for the long- lived bivalve Arctica islandica to contribute to our understanding of past AMOC dynamics, US CLIVAR Var., 14, 13–19, 2016.
Weiner, S. and Addadi, L.: Acidic macromolecules of mineralized tissues: the controllers of crystal formation, Trends Biochem. Sci., 16, 252–256, 1991.
Weiner, S. and Addadi, L.: Design strategies in mineralized biological materials, J. Mater. Chem., 7, 689–702, https://doi.org/10.1039/a604512j, 1997.
Widdows, J.: Physiological ecology of mussel larvae, Aquaculture, 94, 147–163, https://doi.org/10.1016/0044-8486(91)90115-N, 1991.
Winter, J. E.: Über den Einfluß der Nahrungskonzentration und anderer Faktoren auf Filtrierleistung und Nahrungsausnutzung der Muscheln Arctica islandica und Modiolus modiolus, Mar. Biol., 4, 87–135, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00347037, 1969.
Witbaard, R., Franken, R., and Visser, B.: Growth of juvenile Arctica islandica under experimental conditions, Helgolaender Meeresuntersuchungen, 51, 417–431, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02908724, 1997.
Witbaard, R., Duineveld, G. C. A., and de Wilde, P. A. W. J.: Geographical differences in growth rates of Arctica islandica (Mollusc: Bivalvia) from the North Sea and adjacent waters, J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. UK, 79, 907–915, 1999.
- Full-text XML