Articles | Volume 18, issue 7
Reviews and syntheses
13 Apr 2021
Reviews and syntheses |  | 13 Apr 2021

Cyanobacteria blooms in the Baltic Sea: a review of models and facts

Britta Munkes, Ulrike Löptien, and Heiner Dietze

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Cited articles

Adam, B., Klawonn, I., Sveden, J. B., Bergkvist, J., Nahar, N., Walve, J., Littmann, S., Whitehouse, M. J., Lavik, G., Kuypers, M. M., and Ploug, H.: N2-fixation, ammonium release and N-transfer to the microbial and classical food web within a plankton community, ISME J., 10, 450–459,, 2016. a
Adam, D.: Variabilität der Auftriebsgeschwindigkeit filamentöser Cyanobakterien in der Ostsee, Master, Institut für Meereskunde, Christian-Albrecht-Universität, Kiel, Germany, 1999. a, b, c, d, e
Agrawal, S. C.: Factors affecting spore germination in algae – review, Folia Microbiol., 54, 273–302,, 2009. a, b
Ahrens, R.: Untersuchungen zur Verbreitung von Phagern der Gattung Agrobacterium in der Ostsee, Institut für Meereskunde, Universität Kiel, Germany, 102–112, 1971. a
Almroth-Rosell, E., Eilola, K., Hordoir, R., Meier, H. E. M., and Hall, P. O. J.: Transport of fresh and resuspended particulate organic material in the Baltic Sea? A model study, J. Marine Syst., 87, 1–12,, 2011. a
Short summary
Cyanobacteria blooms can strongly aggravate eutrophication problems of water bodies. Their controls are, however, not comprehensively understood, which impedes effective management and protection plans. Here we review the current understanding of cyanobacteria blooms. Juxtaposition of respective field and laboratory studies with state-of-the-art mathematical models reveals substantial uncertainty associated with nutrient demands, grazing, and death of cyanobacteria.
Final-revised paper