Articles | Volume 14, issue 24
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-14-5675-2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-14-5675-2017
Research article
 | 
20 Dec 2017
Research article |  | 20 Dec 2017

Climate engineering and the ocean: effects on biogeochemistry and primary production

Siv K. Lauvset, Jerry Tjiputra, and Helene Muri

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Cited articles

Ahlm, L., Jones, A., Stjern, C. W., Muri, H., Kravitz, B., and Kristjánsson, J. E.: Marine cloud brightening – as effective without clouds, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 13071–13087, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-13071-2017, 2017.
Alterskjær, K., Kristjansson, J. E., Boucher, O., Muri, H., Niemeier, U., Schmidt, H., Schulz, M., and Timmreck, C.: Sea-salt injections into the low-latitude marine boundary layer: The transient response in three Earth system models, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 118, 12195–12206, https://doi.org/10.1002/2013jd020432, 2013.
Aswathy, V. N., Boucher, O., Quaas, M., Niemeier, U., Muri, H., Mülmenstädt, J., and Quaas, J.: Climate extremes in multi-model simulations of stratospheric aerosol and marine cloud brightening climate engineering, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 9593–9610, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-9593-2015, 2015.
Bala, G., Caldeira, K., Nemani, R., Cao, L., Ban-Weiss, G., and Shin, H.-J. Albedo enhancement of marine clouds to counteract global warming: impacts on the hydrological cycle, Clim. Dynam., 37, 915–931, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-010-0868-1, 2011.
Bentsen, M., Bethke, I., Debernard, J. B., Iversen, T., Kirkevåg, A., Seland, Ø., Drange, H., Roelandt, C., Seierstad, I. A., Hoose, C., and Kristjánsson, J. E.: The Norwegian Earth System Model, NorESM1-M – Part 1: Description and basic evaluation of the physical climate, Geosci. Model Dev., 6, 687–720, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-6-687-2013, 2013.
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Solar radiation management (SRM) is suggested as a method to offset global warming and to buy time to reduce emissions. Here we use an Earth system model to project the impact of SRM on future ocean biogeochemistry. This work underscores the complexity of climate impacts on ocean primary production and highlights the fact that changes are driven by an integrated effect of many environmental drivers, which all change in different ways.
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