Articles | Volume 18, issue 9
Research article
17 May 2021
Research article |  | 17 May 2021

Climate change and elevated CO2 favor forest over savanna under different future scenarios in South Asia

Dushyant Kumar, Mirjam Pfeiffer, Camille Gaillard, Liam Langan, and Simon Scheiter

Related authors

Climate change will cause non-analog vegetation states in Africa and commit vegetation to long-term change
Mirjam Pfeiffer, Dushyant Kumar, Carola Martens, and Simon Scheiter
Biogeosciences, 17, 5829–5847,,, 2020
Short summary

Related subject area

Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function: Terrestrial
From simple labels to semantic image segmentation: leveraging citizen science plant photographs for tree species mapping in drone imagery
Salim Soltani, Olga Ferlian, Nico Eisenhauer, Hannes Feilhauer, and Teja Kattenborn
Biogeosciences, 21, 2909–2935,,, 2024
Short summary
Plant functional traits modulate the effects of soil acidification on above- and belowground biomass
Xue Feng, Ruzhen Wang, Tianpeng Li, Jiangping Cai, Heyong Liu, Hui Li, and Yong Jiang
Biogeosciences, 21, 2641–2653,,, 2024
Short summary
Regional effects and local climate jointly shape the global distribution of sexual systems in woody flowering plants
Minhua Zhang, Xiaoqing Hu, and Fangliang He
Biogeosciences, 21, 2133–2142,,, 2024
Short summary
Ideas and perspectives: Sensing energy and matter fluxes in a biota-dominated Patagonian landscape through environmental seismology – introducing the Pumalín Critical Zone Observatory
Christian H. Mohr, Michael Dietze, Violeta Tolorza, Erwin Gonzalez, Benjamin Sotomayor, Andres Iroume, Sten Gilfert, and Frieder Tautz
Biogeosciences, 21, 1583–1599,,, 2024
Short summary
Comparison of carbon and water fluxes and the drivers of ecosystem water use efficiency in a temperate rainforest and a peatland in southern South America
Jorge F. Perez-Quezada, David Trejo, Javier Lopatin, David Aguilera, Bruce Osborne, Mauricio Galleguillos, Luca Zattera, Juan L. Celis-Diez, and Juan J. Armesto
Biogeosciences, 21, 1371–1389,,, 2024
Short summary

Cited articles

Acharya, B. S., Kharel, G., Zou, C. B., Wilcox, B. P., and Halihan, T.: Woody plant encroachment impacts on groundwater recharge: A review, Water, 10, 1466,, 2018. a
Allen, M. R., Barros, V. R., Broome, J., Cramer, W., Christ, R., Church, J. A., Clarke, L., Dahe, Q., Dasgupta, P., and Dubash, N. K.: IPCC fifth assessment synthesis report-climate change 2014 synthesis report, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Geneva, Switzerland, 2014. a
Archer, S. R., Andersen, E. M., Predick, K. I., Schwinning, S., Steidl, R. J., and Woods, S. R.: Woody plant encroachment: causes and consequences, in: Rangeland systems, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 25–84,, 2017. a
Bednarz, S. T., Dybala, T., Muttiah, R. S., Rosenthal, W., and Dugas, W. A.: Brush/water yield feasibility studies, Blackland Research Center, Temple, Texas, USA, 2001. a
Bera, S. K., Basumatary, S. K., Agarwal, A., and Ahmed, M.: Conversion of forest land in Garo Hills, Meghalaya for construction of roads: A threat to the environment and biodiversity, Curr. Sci. India, 91, 281–284, 2006. a
Short summary
In this paper, we investigated the impact of climate change and rising CO2 on biomes using a vegetation model in South Asia, an often neglected region in global modeling studies. Understanding these impacts guides ecosystem management and biodiversity conservation. Our results indicate that savanna regions are at high risk of woody encroachment and transitioning into the forest, and the bioclimatic envelopes of biomes need adjustments to account for shifts caused by climate change and CO2.
Final-revised paper