Articles | Volume 12, issue 1
Research article
12 Jan 2015
Research article |  | 12 Jan 2015

Evaluating the ocean biogeochemical components of Earth system models using atmospheric potential oxygen and ocean color data

C. D. Nevison, M. Manizza, R. F. Keeling, M. Kahru, L. Bopp, J. Dunne, J. Tiputra, T. Ilyina, and B. G. Mitchell

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Cited articles

Anav, A., Friedlingstein, P., Kidston, M., Bopp, L., Ciais, P., Cox, P., Jones, C., Jung, M., Myneni, R., and Zhu, Z. : Evaluating the Land and Ocean Components of the Global Carbon Cycle in the CMIP5 Earth System Models, J. Climate, 26, 6801–6843, 2013.
Aumont, O. and L. Bopp: Globalizing results from ocean in situ iron fertilization studies, Glob. Biogeochem. Cy., 20, GB2017,, 2006.
Battle, M., Mikaloff Fletcher, S., Bender, M. L., Keeling, R. F., Manning, A. C., Gruber, N., Tans, P. P., Hendricks, M. B., Ho, D. T., Simonds, C., Mika, R., and Paplawsky, B.: Atmospheric potential oxygen: New observations and their implications for some atmospheric and oceanic models, Glob. Biogeochem. Cy., 20, GB1010,, 2006.
Behrenfeld, M. J. and Falkowski, P. G.: Photosynthetic rates derived from satellite based chlorophyll concentration, Limnol. Oceanogr., 42, 1–20, 1997.

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Short summary
The observed seasonal cycles in atmospheric potential oxygen (APO) at five surface monitoring sites are compared to those inferred from the air-sea O2 fluxes of six ocean biogeochemistry models. The simulated air-sea fluxes are translated into APO seasonal cycles using a matrix method that takes into account atmospheric transport model (ATM) uncertainty among 13 different ATMs. Net primary production (NPP), estimated from satellite ocean color data, is also compared to model output.
Final-revised paper