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The observed seasonal cycles in atmospheric potential oxygen (APO) at five surface monitoring sites are compared to those inferred from the air-sea O2 fluxes of six ocean biogeochemistry models. The simulated air-sea fluxes are translated into APO seasonal cycles using a matrix method that takes into account atmospheric transport model (ATM) uncertainty among 13 different ATMs. Net primary production (NPP), estimated from satellite ocean color data, is also compared to model output.
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Articles | Volume 12, issue 1
Biogeosciences, 12, 193–208, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-12-193-2015

Special issue: 9th International Carbon Dioxide Conference (ICDC9) (ESD/ACP/AMT/BG...

Biogeosciences, 12, 193–208, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-12-193-2015

Research article 12 Jan 2015

Research article | 12 Jan 2015

Evaluating the ocean biogeochemical components of Earth system models using atmospheric potential oxygen and ocean color data

C. D. Nevison et al.

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Anav, A., Friedlingstein, P., Kidston, M., Bopp, L., Ciais, P., Cox, P., Jones, C., Jung, M., Myneni, R., and Zhu, Z. : Evaluating the Land and Ocean Components of the Global Carbon Cycle in the CMIP5 Earth System Models, J. Climate, 26, 6801–6843, 2013.
Aumont, O. and L. Bopp: Globalizing results from ocean in situ iron fertilization studies, Glob. Biogeochem. Cy., 20, GB2017, https://doi.org/10.1029/2005GB002591, 2006.
Battle, M., Mikaloff Fletcher, S., Bender, M. L., Keeling, R. F., Manning, A. C., Gruber, N., Tans, P. P., Hendricks, M. B., Ho, D. T., Simonds, C., Mika, R., and Paplawsky, B.: Atmospheric potential oxygen: New observations and their implications for some atmospheric and oceanic models, Glob. Biogeochem. Cy., 20, GB1010, https://doi.org/10.1029/2005GB002534, 2006.
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The requested paper has a corresponding corrigendum published. Please read the corrigendum first before downloading the article.

Short summary
The observed seasonal cycles in atmospheric potential oxygen (APO) at five surface monitoring sites are compared to those inferred from the air-sea O2 fluxes of six ocean biogeochemistry models. The simulated air-sea fluxes are translated into APO seasonal cycles using a matrix method that takes into account atmospheric transport model (ATM) uncertainty among 13 different ATMs. Net primary production (NPP), estimated from satellite ocean color data, is also compared to model output.
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