Articles | Volume 21, issue 2
Research article
01 Feb 2024
Research article |  | 01 Feb 2024

Diversity and density relationships between lebensspuren and tracemaking organisms: a study case from abyssal northwest Pacific

Olmo Miguez-Salas, Angelika Brandt, Henry Knauber, and Torben Riehl

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Cited articles

Althaus, F., Hill, N., Ferrari, R., Edwards, L., Przeslawski, R., Schönberg, C. H., Stuart-Smith, R., Barrett, N., Edgar, G., Colquhoun, J., and Tran, M.: A standardised vocabulary for identifying benthic biota and substrata from underwater imagery: the CATAMI classification scheme, PloS one, 10, e0141039,, 2015. 
Bell, J. B., Jones, D. O., and Alt, C. H.: Lebensspuren of the Bathyal Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Deep-Sea Res. Pt. II, 98, 341–351,, 2013. 
Belyaev, G. M.: Investigation of ultra abyssal fauna. Research Vessel “Vitjaz” and her expeditions 1949–1979, Nauka, M., 258–267, 1983 (in Russian). 
Brandt, A. and Malyutina, M. V.: The German-Russian deep-sea expedition KuramBio (Kurile Kamchatka Biodiversity Study): to the Kurile Kamchatka Trench and abyssal plain on board of the R/V Sonne, 223rd Expedition, July 21th–September 7th 2012. R/V Sonne Cruise Reports, University of Hamburg, Biozentrum Grindel & Zoologisches Museum Hamburg, Hamburg,, 2012. 
Brandt, A. and Malyutina, M. V.: The German–Russian deep-sea expedition KuramBio (Kurile Kamchatka biodiversity studies) on board of the RV Sonne in 2012 following the footsteps of the legendary expeditions with RV Vityaz, Deep-Sea Res., 111, 1–9,, 2015. 
Short summary
In the deep sea, the interaction between benthic fauna (tracemakers) and substrate can be preserved as traces (i.e. lebensspuren), which are common features of seafloor landscapes, rendering them promising proxies for inferring biodiversity from marine images. No general correlation was observed between traces and benthic fauna. However, a local correlation was observed between specific stations depending on unknown tracemakers, tracemaker behaviour, and lebensspuren morphotypes.
Final-revised paper