Articles | Volume 13, issue 5
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-13-1597-2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-13-1597-2016
Research article
 | 
15 Mar 2016
Research article |  | 15 Mar 2016

Climate-driven shifts in continental net primary production implicated as a driver of a recent abrupt increase in the land carbon sink

Wolfgang Buermann, Claudie Beaulieu, Bikash Parida, David Medvigy, George J. Collatz, Justin Sheffield, and Jorge L. Sarmiento

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Cited articles

Achard, F., Mollicone, D., Stibig, H. J., Aksenov, D., Laestadius, L., Li, Z., Popatov, P., and Yaroshenko, A.: Areas of rapid forest cover change in boreal Eurasia, For. Ecol. Manag., 237, 322–334, 2006.
Andela, N. and van der Werf, G. R.: Recent trends in African fires driven by cropland expansion and El Nino to La Nina transition, Nature CC, 4, 791–795, 2014.
Anderegg, W. R. L., Ballantyne, A. P., Smith, W. K., Majkut, J., Rabin, S., Beaulieu, C., Birdsey, R., Dunne, J. P., Houghton, R. A., Myneni, R. B., Pan, Y., Sarmiento, J. L., Serota, N., Shevliakova, E., Tans, P., and Pacala, S. W.: Tropical nighttime warming as a dominant driver of variability in the terrestrial carbon sink, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 112, 15591–15596, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1521479112, 2015.
Beaulieu, C., Sarmiento, J. L., Mikaloff Fletcher, S., Chen, J., and Medvigy, D.: Identification and characterization of abrupt changes in the land uptake of carbon, Glob. Biogeochem. Cy., 26, GB1007, https://doi.org/10.1029/2010GB004024, 2012a.
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Recent analyses of the global carbon budget found a substantial increase in the land sink in the late 1980s whose origin remains unknown. Consistent with this shift, we find that plant growth increased in the late 1980s especially in Eurasia and northern Africa. There, climatic constraints on plant growth have eased possibly due to linked climate modes in the North Atlantic. Better understanding of North Atlantic climate may be essential for more credible projections of the land carbon sink.
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