Articles | Volume 19, issue 22
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-19-5313-2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-19-5313-2022
Reviews and syntheses
 | 
23 Nov 2022
Reviews and syntheses |  | 23 Nov 2022

Reviews and syntheses: A framework to observe, understand and project ecosystem response to environmental change in the East Antarctic Southern Ocean

Julian Gutt, Stefanie Arndt, David Keith Alan Barnes, Horst Bornemann, Thomas Brey, Olaf Eisen, Hauke Flores, Huw Griffiths, Christian Haas, Stefan Hain, Tore Hattermann, Christoph Held, Mario Hoppema, Enrique Isla, Markus Janout, Céline Le Bohec, Heike Link, Felix Christopher Mark, Sebastien Moreau, Scarlett Trimborn, Ilse van Opzeeland, Hans-Otto Pörtner, Fokje Schaafsma, Katharina Teschke, Sandra Tippenhauer, Anton Van de Putte, Mia Wege, Daniel Zitterbart, and Dieter Piepenburg

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Cited articles

Arndt, J. E., Schenke, H. W., Jakobsson, M., Nitsche, F. O., Buys, G., Goleby, B., Rebesco, M., Bohoyo, F., Hong, J., Black, J., Greku, R., Udintsev, G., Barrios, F., Reynoso-Peralta, W., Taisei, M., and Wigley, R.: The International Chart of the Southern Ocean (IBCSO) – digital bathymetric model, Version 1.0 – A new bathymetric compilation covering circum-Antarctic waters, Geophys, Res. Lett., 40, 3111–3117, https://doi.org/10.1002/grl.50413, 2013. 
Arndt, S., Hoppmann, M., Schmithüsen, H., Fraser, A. D., and Nicolaus, M.: Seasonal and interannual variability of landfast sea ice in Atka Bay, Weddell Sea, Antarctica, The Cryosphere, 14, 2775–2793, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-2775-2020, 2020. 
Arntz, W. E. and Clarke, A. (Eds.): Ecological Studies in the Antarctic Sea Ice Zone, Springer, Berlin, Germany, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-59419-9, 2002. 
Arrigo, K. R., Dijken, G., and Long, M.: Coastal Southern Ocean: A strong anthropogenic CO2 sink, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L21602, https://doi.org/10.1029/2008GL035624, 2008. 
Arrigo, K. R., van Dijken, G. L., and Strong, A. L.: Environmental controls of marine productivity hot spots around Antarctica, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 120, 5545–5565, https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JC010888, 2015. 
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Short summary
Long-term ecological observations are key to assess, understand and predict impacts of environmental change on biotas. We present a multidisciplinary framework for such largely lacking investigations in the East Antarctic Southern Ocean, combined with case studies, experimental and modelling work. As climate change is still minor here but is projected to start soon, the timely implementation of this framework provides the unique opportunity to document its ecological impacts from the very onset.
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