Articles | Volume 19, issue 11
Biogeosciences, 19, 2921–2937, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-19-2921-2022
Biogeosciences, 19, 2921–2937, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-19-2921-2022
Research article
15 Jun 2022
Research article | 15 Jun 2022

Massive warming-induced carbon loss from subalpine grassland soils in an altitudinal transplantation experiment

Matthias Volk et al.

Related authors

Subalpine grassland productivity increased with warmer and drier conditions, but not with higher N deposition, in an altitudinal transplantation experiment
Matthias Volk, Matthias Suter, Anne-Lena Wahl, and Seraina Bassin
Biogeosciences, 18, 2075–2090, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-18-2075-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-18-2075-2021, 2021
Short summary
Subalpine grassland carbon balance during 7 years of increased atmospheric N deposition
Matthias Volk, Jan Enderle, and Seraina Bassin
Biogeosciences, 13, 3807–3817, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-13-3807-2016,https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-13-3807-2016, 2016
Short summary

Related subject area

Biogeochemistry: Air - Land Exchange
Climatic variation drives loss and restructuring of carbon and nitrogen in boreal forest wildfire
Johan A. Eckdahl, Jeppe A. Kristensen, and Daniel B. Metcalfe
Biogeosciences, 19, 2487–2506, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-19-2487-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-19-2487-2022, 2022
Short summary
Gaps in network infrastructure limit our understanding of biogenic methane emissions for the United States
Sparkle L. Malone, Youmi Oh, Kyle A. Arndt, George Burba, Roisin Commane, Alexandra R. Contosta, Jordan P. Goodrich, Henry W. Loescher, Gregory Starr, and Ruth K. Varner
Biogeosciences, 19, 2507–2522, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-19-2507-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-19-2507-2022, 2022
Short summary
Changes of the aerodynamic characteristics of a flux site after an extensive windthrow
Bruna R. F. Oliveira, Jan J. Keizer, and Thomas Foken
Biogeosciences, 19, 2235–2243, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-19-2235-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-19-2235-2022, 2022
Short summary
Carbon sequestration potential of street tree plantings in Helsinki
Minttu Havu, Liisa Kulmala, Pasi Kolari, Timo Vesala, Anu Riikonen, and Leena Järvi
Biogeosciences, 19, 2121–2143, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-19-2121-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-19-2121-2022, 2022
Short summary
Technical note: Incorporating expert domain knowledge into causal structure discovery workflows
Jarmo Mäkelä, Laila Melkas, Ivan Mammarella, Tuomo Nieminen, Suyog Chandramouli, Rafael Savvides, and Kai Puolamäki
Biogeosciences, 19, 2095–2099, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-19-2095-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-19-2095-2022, 2022
Short summary

Cited articles

Ammann, C., Flechard, C. R., Leifeld, J., Neftel, A. and Fuhrer, J.: The carbon budget of newly established temperate grassland depends on management intensity, Agr. Ecosyst. Environ., 121, 5–20, 2007. 
Ammann, C., Spirig, C., Leifeld, J., and Neftel, A.: Assessment of the nitrogen and carbon budget of two managed temperate grassland fields, Agr. Ecosyst. Environ., 133, 150–162, 2009. 
Ammann, C., Neftel, A., Jocher, M., Fuhrer, J., and Leifeld, J.: Effect of management and weather variations on the greenhouse gas budget of two grasslands during a 10-year experiment, Agr. Ecosyst. Environ., 292, 106814, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2019.106814, 2020. 
Bassin, S., Werner, R. A., Sörgel, K., Volk, M., Buchmann, N., and Fuhrer, J.: Effects of combined ozone and nitrogen deposition on the in situ properties of eleven key plant species of a subalpine pasture, Oecologia, 158, 747–756, 2009. 
Short summary
Because soils are an important sink for greenhouse gasses, we subjected sub-alpine grassland to a six-level climate change treatment. Two independent methods showed that at warming > 1.5 °C the grassland ecosystem lost ca. 14 % or ca. 1 kg C m−2 in 5 years. This shrinking of the terrestrial C sink implies a substantial positive feedback to the atmospheric greenhouse effect. It is likely that this dramatic C loss is a transient effect before a new, climate-adjusted steady state is reached.
Altmetrics
Final-revised paper
Preprint