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Volume 14, issue 13
Biogeosciences, 14, 3309–3320, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-14-3309-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Biogeosciences, 14, 3309–3320, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-14-3309-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 11 Jul 2017

Research article | 11 Jul 2017

Bivariate return periods of temperature and precipitation explain a large fraction of European crop yields

Jakob Zscheischler et al.

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AghaKouchak, A., Cheng, L., Mazdiyasni, O., and Farahmand, A.: Global warming and changes in risk of concurrent climate extremes: insights from the 2014 California drought, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 8847–8852, 2014.
Babst, F., Carrer, M., Poulter, B., Urbinati, C., Neuwirth, B., and Frank, D.: 500 years of regional forest growth variability and links to climatic extreme events in Europe, Environ. Res. Lett., 7, 045705, https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/7/4/045705, 2012.
Bunn, A. G.: A dendrochronology program library in R (dplR), Dendrochronologia, 26, 115–124, 2008.
Cook, E. R. and Peters, K.: The smoothing spline: a new approach to standardizing forest interior tree-ring width series for dendroclimatic studies, Tree-ring bulletin, 41, 45–53, 1981.
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We use newly established methods to compute bivariate return periods of temperature and precipitation and relate those to crop yield variability in Europe. Most often, crop yields are lower when it is hot and dry and higher when it is cold and wet. The variability in crop yields along a specific climate gradient can be captured well by return periods aligned with these gradients. This study provides new possibilities for investigating the relationship between crop yield variability and climate.
We use newly established methods to compute bivariate return periods of temperature and...
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