Articles | Volume 19, issue 12
Biogeosciences, 19, 3021–3050, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-19-3021-2022
Biogeosciences, 19, 3021–3050, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-19-3021-2022
Research article
 | Highlight paper
22 Jun 2022
Research article  | Highlight paper | 22 Jun 2022

Effects of climate change in European croplands and grasslands: productivity, greenhouse gas balance and soil carbon storage

Marco Carozzi et al.

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Cited articles

Aguilera, E., Lassaletta, L., Sanz Cobeña, A., Garnier, J., and Vallejo Garcia, A.: The potential of organic fertilizers and water management to reduce N2O emissions in Mediterranean climate cropping systems, Agr. Ecosyst. Environ., 164, 32–52, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2012.09.006, 2013. 
Ammann, C., Neftel, A., Jocher, M., Fuhrer, J., and Leifeld, J.: Effect of management and weather variations on the greenhouse gas budget of two grasslands during a 10-year experiment, Agr. Ecosyst. Environ., 292, 106814, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2019.106814, 2020. 
Amundson, R. and Biardeau, L.: Opinion: Soil carbon sequestration is an elusive climate mitigation tool, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 115, 11652–11656, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1815901115, 2018. 
Asseng, S., Ewert, F., Martre, P., Rötter, R. P., Lobell, D. B., Cammarano, D., Kimball, B. A., Ottman, M. J., Wall, G. W., White, J. W., and Reynolds, M. P.: Rising temperatures reduce global wheat production, Nat. Clim. Change, 5, 143–147, https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2470, 2015. 
Bahn, M., Rodeghiero, M., Anderson-Dunn, M., Dore, S., Gimeno, C., Drösler, M., Williams, M., Ammann, C., Berninger, F., Flechard, C., and Jones, S.: Soil respiration in European grasslands in relation to climate and assimilate supply, Ecosystems, 11, 1352–1367, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-008-9198-0, 2008. 
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Short summary
Crop and grassland production indicates a strong reduction due to the shortening of the length of the growing cycle associated with rising temperatures. Greenhouse gas emissions will increase exponentially over the century, often exceeding the CO2 accumulation of agro-ecosystems. Water demand will double in the next few decades, whereas the benefits in terms of yield will not fill the gap of C losses due to climate perturbation. Climate change will have a regionally distributed effect in the EU.
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