Articles | Volume 16, issue 9
Biogeosciences, 16, 2003–2031, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-16-2003-2019
Biogeosciences, 16, 2003–2031, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-16-2003-2019

Research article 15 May 2019

Research article | 15 May 2019

Global NO and HONO emissions of biological soil crusts estimated by a process-based non-vascular vegetation model

Philipp Porada et al.

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Cited articles

Abed, R., Lam, P., de Beer, D., and Stief, P.: High rates of denitrification and nitrous oxide emission in arid biological soil crusts from the Sultanate of Oman, ISME, 7, 1862–1875, https://doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2013.55, 2013. a
Barger, N., Weber, B., Garcia-Pichel, F., Zaady, E., and Belnap, J.: Patterns and Controls on Nitrogen Cycling of Biological Soil Crusts, in: Biological Soil Crusts: An Organizing Principle in Drylands, edited by: Weber, B., Büdel, B., and Belnap, J., 257–285, Springer International Publishing, Cham, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-30214-0_14, 2016. a, b
Barger, N. N., Belnap, J., Ojima, D. S., and Mosier, A.: NO Gas Loss from Biologically Crusted Soils in Canyonlands National Park, Utah, Biogeochemistry, 75, 373–391, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10533-005-1378-9, 2005. a
Belnap, J.: Impacts of off-road vehicles on nitrogen cycles in biological soil crusts: resistance in different US deserts, J. Arid Environ., 52, 155–165, https://doi.org/10.1006/jare.2002.0991, 2002. a, b, c, d, e, f, g
Belnap, J., Miller, D., Bedford, D., and Phillips, S.: Pedological and geological relationships with soil lichen and moss distribution in the eastern Mojave Desert, CA, USA, J. Arid Environ., 106, 45–57, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2014.02.007, 2014. a, b, c
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The trace gases NO and HONO are crucial for atmospheric chemistry. It has been suggested that biological soil crusts in drylands contribute substantially to global NO and HONO emissions, based on empirical upscaling of laboratory and field observations. Here we apply an alternative, process-based modeling approach to predict these emissions. We find that biological soil crusts emit globally significant amounts of NO and HONO, which also vary depending on the type of biological soil crust.
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