Articles | Volume 16, issue 23
Biogeosciences, 16, 4731–4745, 2019
Biogeosciences, 16, 4731–4745, 2019

Research article 13 Dec 2019

Research article | 13 Dec 2019

Nitrogen use efficiency and N2O and NH3 losses attributed to three fertiliser types applied to an intensively managed silage crop

Nicholas Cowan et al.

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Cited articles

Abalos, D., Jeffery, S., Sanz-Cobena, A., Guardia, G., and Vallejo, A.: Meta-analysis of the effect of urease and nitrification inhibitors on crop productivity and nitrogen use efficiency, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 189, 136–144,, 2014. 
Auernhammer, H.: Precision farming – the environmental challenge, Comput. Electron. Agr., 30, 31–43,, 2001. 
Azeem, B., KuShaari, K., Man, Z. B., Basit, A., and Thanh, T. H.: Review on materials & methods to produce controlled release coated urea fertilizer, J. Control. Release, 181, 11–21,, 2014. 
Bertram, T. H., Heckel, A., Richter, A., Burrows, J. P., and Cohen, R. C.: Satellite measurements of daily variations in soil NOx emissions, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32,, 2005. 
Bouwman, A. F., Lee, D. S., Asman, W. A. H., Dentener, F. J., Van Der Hoek, K. W., and Olivier, J. G. J.: A global high-resolution emission inventory for ammonia, Global Biogeochem. Cy., 11, 561–587,, 1997. 
Short summary
Commonly used nitrogen fertilisers, ammonium nitrate, urea and urea coated with a urease inhibitor, were applied to experimental plots. Fertilisation with ammonium nitrate supported the largest yields but also resulted in the largest nitrous oxide emissions. Urea was the largest emitter of ammonia. The coated urea did not significantly increase yields; however, ammonia emissions were substantially smaller than urea. The coated urea was the best environmentally but is economically unattractive.
Final-revised paper